Hohensalzburg Fortress

Located on Festungs Berg hill, Hohensalzburg Fortress is a large medieval castle in Salzburg. It’s an outstanding landmark of the city.

Hohensalzburg Fortress

 Jan Mikš @123rf

The construction of Hohensalzburg Fortress started at 1077 and it developed through centuries. The purpose of the building was to protect Salzburg from probable intrusion. The Fortress functioned several years as a military barrack and dungeon. It’s famous for the tragedy of more than 5000 men lost in in this place during the first world war. 

Today, the castle is surrounded by mighty curtain walls and a statue of a lion holding a turnip. The interior features princely chambers stately furnished and decorated with frescoes, carvings, precious paintings and gold leaf.

The Golden Chamber is the most sumptuous of the rooms, impressively decorated with leather, gold and foliage.

A must see in the Fortress, is the Marionette museum. It exhibits a collection of historic puppets from Marionette theatre of Salzburg. The castle museum holds also historical items including coins and weapons.

The castle can easily be reached on foot or using the funicular. You should pass through the inner Steintor which offers best views of the landscape. At the top, 400 feet above the city, you will enjoy great views.